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Past Cases

Not all results are provided, the results are not necessarily representative of results obtained by the lawyer, and a prospective client's individual facts and circumstances may differ from the matter in which the results are provided.


Marquis v. U.S. Sugar Corporation, et al., 652 F.Supp. 598 (S.D. Fla. 1987) (represented claims of U.S. workers in antitrust action against sugar companies).

Harvey v. NASCAR, 84 95 Reed (M.D. Fla.) (represented race car driver in antitrust action against racing  association).

Attorneys’ Fees

Jonas v. Stack, 758 F.2d 567 (11th Cir. 1985) (prevailing attorney entitled to reimbursement for attorneys' fees  expended in litigating fee application).

Dunbar v. City of Belle Glade, Case No. 79 8341 CIV HASTINGS (S.D. Fla.) (testified as plaintiffs' expert regarding reasonableness of fee request).

Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. City of Hialeah, 508 U.S. 520 (1993) (represented successful attorneys in fee litigation).

LaMarca v. Turner, 995 F.2d 1526 (11th Cir.1993)(fees expert for Plaintiffs' counsel after remand in prisoners’ rights case where inmates were threatened with physical violence and assaulted by other inmates at Glades Correctional Institution because they refused to participate in brutal same-sex rapes, or pay protection to be left alone).

Mendelson, et al. v. City of St. Cloud, et al., Case No. 87 205 ORL 18 (M.D. Fla.) (represented successful attorneys in fee application).

Commercial Litigation

Rayfield Inv. Co. v. Kreps,  35 So.3d 63 (Fla. 4th DCA 2010) (notwithstanding creditor’s knowledge that Palm Beach gallery had some consignments in its inventory, creditor who perfected security interest had superior  interest in rare painting over that of consignor).            

Constitutional Rights

American Federation of State, County and Mun. Employees (AFSCME) Council 79 v. Scott, 277 F.R.D. 544 (S.D. Fla.  2011) (Governor’s subpoenas for documents on ACLU, a nonparty nonprofit advocacy organization serving as counsel for labor union, quashed because ACLU's “knowledge and position” on employer drug testing, prevalence of drug use, public opinion polls, and effects of workplace drug use had almost no relevance to claims or defenses in case; credibility or impeachment purposes did not justify subpoenas' broad scope; availability of similar documents and information was itself separate basis to quash subpoenas; document requests were exceedingly broad and burdensome on their face; and Governor did not make showing required to depose opposing counsel). 

American Civil Liberties Union, Inc. v. The Florida Bar, 744 F.Supp. 1094 (N.D. Fla. 1990) (declared  unconstitutional application of Canon 7(B) of the Code of Judicial Conduct to campaign speech).
American Civil Liberties Union, Inc. v. The Florida Bar, 999 F.2d 1486 (11th Cir. 1993) (State bar was proper  defendant in challenging constitutionality of judicial code where candidate was lawyer who fell within bar's disciplinary jurisdiction when suit was filed; controversy remained live even after bar and JQC stated in court  papers that code could not constitutionally be applied to candidate's proposed campaign speech).

Baptiste, et al. v. City of West Palm Beach, et al., Case No. 86 8335 CIV DAVIS (S.D. Fla.) (class action  challenging pattern of Fourth Amendment violations against Haitians by police department; consent decree).

Blackmun v. Wille
, 980 F.2d 691 (11th Cir.1993)(represented inmate class in jail conditions case in Palm Beach County; obtained sweeping injunctive relief).

Bland v. Norvell
, Case No. 80 8251 CIV PAINE (S.D. Fla.) (represented inmate class in jail conditions case in  St. Lucie County; obtained sweeping relief by partial consent decree and injunction).

Brayshaw v. City of Tallahassee, Fla., 709 F.Supp.2d 1244 (N. D. Fla. 2010) (Florida statute proscribing the  unauthorized publication of the home address or telephone number of any law enforcement officer, with malice and intent to intimidate on the part of the speaker, was not narrowly tailored to serve the state interest of protecting police officers from harm or death, and thus was facially invalid under the First Amendment).

Bruce v. Beary, 498 F.3d 1232 (11th Cir.2007)(fact issues existed as to whether warrantless administrative inspection of shop was reasonable; fact issues existed as to reasonableness of officers' seizure of, and  refusal to return, owner's property; fact issues existed as to whether sheriff had policy of inadequately training officers regarding execution of administrative inspections; single instance of withholding property seized from auto body repair shop, after state court ordered that such property be returned to shop owner, could subject county sheriff, as policymaker, to liability for constitutional violation)

Bryant  v. Wainwright, 686 F.2d 1373 (11th Cir. 1982) (represented African American woman in federal habeas corpus challenge alleging racial and sexual discrimination in Florida grand jury selection process).

City of Delray Beach v. Barfield
, 579 So. 2d 315 (Fla. 4th DCA 1991) (public records case).

Chandler v. Baird, 926 F.2d 1057 (11th Cir.1991) (evidence created genuine issue of material fact whether conditions of administrative confinement, principally with regard to cell temperature and provision of hygiene  items, violated the Eighth Amendment, precluding summary judgment).

Cooper v. Dillon, 403 F.3d 1208 (11th Cir. 2005) (Police chief had final policymaking authority for City of Key West in law enforcement matters, and his decision to enforce Florida statute prohibiting disclosure of nonpublic information by participant in internal investigation of law enforcement officer against newspaper publisher was adoption of "policy" that caused deprivation of publisher's First Amendment rights sufficient to render municipality liable under § 1983).

Cronin v. Holt, Case No. 81 8309 CIV SPELLMAN (S.D. Fla.) (represented inmate class in jail conditions case in Martin County; obtained sweeping relief by consent decree).

DeWeese v. Town of Palm Beach, 812 F.2d 1365 (11th Cir. 1987) (declared Palm Beach shirtless jogging ordinance unconstitutional).
Department of Revenue v. Kuhnlein, 646 So.2d 717 (Fla. 1994) (Because Florida courts are tribunals of plenary  jurisdiction, federal standing requirements do not apply to Florida courts; neither the sovereign immunity  nor common law defenses apply to claims brought under either the state or federal constitutions).
Doe v. Florida Supreme Court and the Florida Bar, 734 F.Supp. 981 (S.D. Fla. 1990) (declared unconstitutional a regulation requiring confidentiality of complaints against lawyers to the Florida Bar).

Doe v. Gonzalez, 723 F. Supp. 690 (S.D. Fla. 1988) (declared unconstitutional a Florida statute requiring  confidentiality of complaints to Florida Ethics Commission).

Doe v. State of Fla. Judicial Qualifications Comm'n., 748 F. Supp. 1520 (S.D. Fla. 1990)(declared unconstitutional a Florida constitutional prohibition on disclosure of fact that complaint had been filed with Judicial  Qualifications Commission.)    

Esquivel v. Village of McCullom Lake, 633 F.Supp. 1199 (N.D. Ill. 1986) (trial counsel for family whose house was wrongfully demolished for health code violations without due process of law).

Florida Consumers Federation v. City of Plantation and City of Tamarac, Case No. 83 6141 CIV EATON (S.D. Fla.) (declared municipal canvassing ordinances unconstitutional).

Frazier v. Alexandre, et al., 434 F.Supp.2d 1350 (S.D.Fla. 2006) aff'd in part, reversed in part sub nom Frazier v. Winn, 535 F.3d 1279 (11th Cir.2008) (Florida statute mandating parental permission for students to refuse to recite pledge declared unconstitutional).

Fulani v. Krivanek, 973 F.2d 1579 (11th Cir. 1992) (declared unconstitutional a Florida statute allowing independent but not minor party candidates from obtaining waiver of signature verification fees upon showing of indigency).

Hickox v. Tyre, Case No. 87-8327-CIV-ZLOCH (S.D. Fla.) (declared unconstitutional §112.533, Fla. Stat., that  criminalized dissemination of truthful information concerning complaints against law enforcement officers).

Jakin v. City of Sebring, Case No. 82 8224 CIV MARCUS (represented former inmate challenging constitutionality of jail strip search policy).

Johnson v. Bush, 214 F.Supp.2d 1333(S.D.Fla. 2002); aff’d in part, rev’d in part and remanded, 353 F.3d 1287  (11th Cir. 2003); rehearing en banc granted, opinion vacated, 377 F.3d 1163 (11th Cir. 2004)(co-counsel in class  action challenging Florida’s felon disenfranchisement law; challenge ultimately rejected).

Kerr, et al. v. City of West Palm Beach
, 875 F.2d 1546 (11th Cir. 1989) (reinstated jury verdict finding city  encouraged atmosphere of lawlessness and was grossly negligent in supervision of police canine unit).

Naturist Society, Inc. v. Fillyaw, 958 F.2d 1515 (11th Cir. 1992) (adoption of amended regulations did not render controversy moot; state beach was a public forum).

Planned Parenthood of Sw. & Cent. Florida v. Philip, 194 F. Supp. 3d 1213 (N.D. Fla. 2016) (injunction against defunding of Planned Parenthood and excessive searches of abortion patients).

Spillias v. City of West Palm Beach, Case No. 82 8319 CIV GONZALEZ (S.D. Fla.) (represented county commissioner candidate in successful First Amendment challenge to constitutionality of municipal sign ordinance).

Strickland v. Sheppard, Case No. 83 8428 CIV NESBITT (S.D. Fla.) (represented inmate class in jail conditions case in Highlands County; obtained sweeping relief by partial consent decree and injunction).

Sydney v. Pingree, 564 F.Supp. 412 (S.D. Fla. 1982) (declared part of Chapter 393, Florida Statutes,  unconstitutional as violating parents' constitutional right to name children).

United Farm Workers of America, AFL CIO v. Quincy Corp., 681 So.2d 773 (Fla. 1st DCA 1996) (Ex parte temporary  injunction, prohibiting farm workers' union from taking certain actions in support of union organizing efforts, violated rule governing temporary injunctions; nothing in record indicated that notice was given to union, and  injunction did not define injury, state findings as to why injury might be irreparable, or give reasons why  injunction was granted without notice).

Vogt v. School Board, Case No. 81 8217 CIV GONZALEZ (S.D. Fla.) (First Amendment case establishing right of access for draft counselors to public schools).

Wallace v. Town of Palm Beach, 624 F. Supp. 864 (S.D. Fla. 1985)(declared Palm Beach worker identification law unconstitutional).

Warner v. City of Boca Raton, 267 F.3d 1223 (11th Cir.2001)(class action free challenging City’s prohibition on vertical grave decorations; issues of first impression relating to application of Florida Religious Freedom  Restoration Act (RFRA) to owners' claims certified to Florida Supreme Court; questions answered adverse to class,
887 So.2d 1023(Fla.2004)).

Whiting v. Traylor, 85 F.3d 581 (11th Cir.1996) (§ 1983 claim for malicious prosecution in violation of Fourth Amendment rights exists, at least insofar as it is based on some actual, unlawful, forcible restraint of  plaintiff's person, and boat owner stated such claim).

Wodka v. Jamason, Case No. 80 8375 CIV HASTINGS (S.D. Fla.) (represented inmate class in jail conditions case in City of West Palm Beach; jail closed by consent decree).
Wright v. Sheppard, 919 F.2d 665, 669 (11th Cir.1990) (Remand necessary in civil rights action arising out of alleged battery during deputy sheriff's attempt to collect private debt where trial court did not address various types of compensable damages that debtor claimed to have suffered, such as physical injuries other than loss of teeth, nonphysical injuries such as humiliation, emotional distress and suffering, continued  pain in debtor's mouth, and loss of use and physical pain caused by arm injury; also “This case cries out for punitive damages as punishment. The wrongs were especially offensive in their nature.”).

Disability Rights

Caron Foundation of Florida, Inc. v. City of Delray Beach, 879 F.Supp.2d 1353 (S.D. Florida May 4, 2012) (granting preliminary injunction against City’s amended transient use ordinance: “Caron has shown a substantial likelihood of success that the City was motivated by a desire to discriminate against individuals and entities protected by the FHA and ADA when it modified the transient use ordinance on February 21, 2012. Specifically, the Court finds that the sequence of events and administrative history strongly suggest discriminatory intent, and the City's history with rehabilitative facilities . . . also suggests discrimination . . . The highly suspicious timing of the change, coupled with discriminatory comments and a history of trying to legislatively exclude sober living facilities indicates that the City was indeed motivated at least in part by discriminatory reasons.”)

Concerned Parents v. City of West Palm Beach, 846 F. Supp. 986 (S.D. Fla. 1994) (budget cuts which resulted in disproportionate reduction in recreational services for people with disabilities violated ADA).

Doe v. Judicial Nominating Commission, 906 F. Supp. 1534 (S.D. Fla. 1995) (questions concerning physical and mental health on applications for judicial appointments violated ADA).

Doe v. Stincer, 175 F.3d 879, 884 (11th Cir. 1998)(nothing in the PAMII Act requires a P & A to name a specific  individual in bringing suit to redress violations of the rights of individuals with mental illnesses; rather, "[t]he text of PAMII grants standing to protection and advocacy systems to pursue legal remedies to 'ensure  protection of individuals with mental illness.’”).

Ellen S. v. Florida Board of Bar Examiners, 859 F. Supp. 1489 (S.D. Fla. 1994) (questions on bar application and  follow-up inquiries regarding treatment for mental illness violated ADA).

Jeffrey O. v. City of Boca Raton, 511 F.Supp.2d 1339 (S.D. Fla. 2007) (provision of city code, which capped the  number of unrelated individuals who could live together in residential zones at three, violated Fair Housing Act because it did not establish a reasonable accommodation procedure; another provision of city treatment facilities also violated Fair Housing Act). 

Johnson v. Florida, 348 F.3d 1334 (11th Cir.2003)(class action challenging quality of treatment and placement at state mental hospital; obtained sweeping relief by partial consent decree requiring placements of 375 patients in community and closure of over 450 hospital beds; forced closure of hospital; state not entitled to termination of consent decree).

International Human Rights

Arce, et al. v. Garcia and Vides-Casanova, 434 F.3d 1254 (11th Cir.2006)(co-lead counsel in Torture Victim  Protection Act (TVPA) and Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) case for plaintiffs who obtained $54.6 million jury verdict against former Salvadoran Ministers of Defense; featured in National Law Journal Top 100 Verdicts, 2002; district court did not abuse its discretion by equitable tolling of statute of limitations on Salvadoran refugees' claims under TVPA  and ATCA, which alleged that two Salvadoran military officials were responsible for torture of refugees by soldiers in El Salvador during the course of a campaign of human rights violations, until the end of the civil war in El Salvador, even though officials left El Salvador to reside in the United States three years earlier; prior to end of civil war, refugees legitimately feared reprisals from Salvadoran military, as military regime remained in power until end of civil war).


Okeelanta Corporation, et al. v. Bygrave, 660 So.2d 743 (Fla. 4th DCA 1995) (co-counsel in class action on behalf of more than 25,000 foreign sugarcane cutters for breach of contract; obtained $51,000,000 judgment for class;  reversed and remanded for trial).

Land Use

Boca Development Associates, Ltd. v. Palm Beach County, et al., Case No. 85 6792 CIV PAINE (S.D. Fla.)(represented developer in land use case alleging denial of due process).

Educational Development Center, Inc. v. City of West Palm Beach Zoning Bd. of Appeals, 541 So.2d 106 (Fla. 1989) (established extent of district court's certiorari review of circuit court's order overturning decisions of administrative agencies).

Jeffrey O. v. City of Boca Raton, 511 F.Supp.2d 1339 (S.D. Fla. 2007) (provision of city code, which capped the number of unrelated individuals who could live together in residential zones at three, violated Fair Housing Act because it did not establish a reasonable accommodation procedure; another provision of city  code, which prohibited sober homes in residential neighborhoods by defining them as substance abuse treatment facilities also violated Fair Housing Act).

Southern Entertainment v. City of Boynton Beach, Case No. 89 8210 CIV SCOTT (S.D. Fla.) (defended constitutionality of zoning law for municipality).

Privacy Rights

Rios v. Direct Mail Express, Inc., 435 F.Supp.2d 1199(S.D.Fla. 2006) (motorists stated a claim that marketer  knowingly obtained records in violation of Drivers’ Privacy Protection Act (DPPA); marketer was not entitled to defense of good faith reliance on state motor vehicles department to comply with law; statute did not require allegation that marketer knowingly violated DPPA; DPPA preempted state constitutional provision and state statute governing disclosure of motor vehicle records; and DPPA did not violate Tenth Amendment.)

Amicus Curi

In Re: The Petition of Kerry Mark Hooper to Change Name, 436 So.2d 401 (Fla. 2nd DCA 1983) (wrote amicus brief for  Florida Association of Woman Lawyers).

City of Pompano Beach v. Capalbo, 455 So.2d 468 (Fla.4th DCA 1984)(wrote amicus brief for American Civil Liberties Union of Florida, Inc.).

Long v. State of Florida, 570 So.2d 257 (Fla. 1990) (wrote amicus brief for American Civil Liberties Union of  Florida, Inc.).

Butterworth v. Smith, 494 U.S. 624 (1990) (on amicus brief for American Civil Liberties Union of Florida).

State v. Davis, 516 So.2d 953 (Fla. 4th DCA 1986) (wrote amicus brief for Florida Public Defender's  Association).

Florida v. Riley, 488 U.S. 445 (1989) (on amicus brief for American Civil Liberties Union Foundation of Florida,  Inc.).

Palm Beach County v. Hudspeth, 540 So.2d 147 (Fla. 4th DCA, 1989) (wrote amicus brief for American Civil Liberties Union Foundation of Florida, Inc.).

Special Master

Givens v. Hamlet Estates, Ltd., Case No. 90-1908-CIV-NESBITT (S.D. Fla. 1990) (Appointed special master to  determine damages of individual class members in $3.4 million settlement of class action housing discrimination lawsuit.).


Former outside counsel to cities of Boynton Beach, Riviera Beach, and Palm Beach Gardens, Florida

Legal Director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Florida (1987‑1992)